Health and Fitness

What are Some Possible Reasons for Cardiac Arrest?

The heart is a vital organ of the body, and even the slightest complication can have devastating consequences. Of the various conditions that affect the heart, cardiac arrest is one of the most dangerous. The medical condition occurs without any prior warning, not giving enough time for the patient to take preventive measures. In most cases, cardiac arrest proves fatal.

Cardiac arrest gives no warning but some symptoms indicate that the condition is occurring, or is about to occur. So if you notice any symptoms, immediately perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) along with seeking medical help. Also bring the patient to BLK-Max, Max India Hospital or any other top-rated hospital run by Max Healthcare immediately. This way, you might be successful in saving a life.

What is cardiac arrest?

A cardiac arrest is a medical condition which happens when the heart’s electrical system stops working. The abnormality leads to irregular heart rhythm and disruption in the vital organ’s pumping action. This prevents the regular blood flow to the body, resulting in severe complications and even death.

Symptoms of cardiac arrest

Sometimes cardiac arrest exhibits specific symptoms. If you notice any of the symptoms mentioned below, there is something wrong. Immediately get your loved one treated by experienced healthcare staff. Even a slight delay can cost a life. Some noticeable reasons of cardiac arrest include:

  • The person will collapse suddenly 
  • Pulse cannot be found
  • There will be no breathing 
  • The person will lose consciousness 
  • Extreme weakness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Palpitations

Causes of a cardiac arrest

Cardiac arrest is due to an electrical malfunction in the heart. As a result, the heart is unable to pump blood, preventing blood flow to the rest of the body. However, many heart conditions can cause cardiac arrest. Some of these causes are mentioned below.

Coronary artery disease is a leading cause of cardiac arrest. In this disease, plaque accumulates in the arteries, preventing the heart from getting enough blood. This condition can ultimately lead to cardiac arrest.

People with congenital heart disease, which is present since birth, are prone to cardiac arrest.

Heart attack is often linked to a cardiac arrest. However, it is necessary to know that a heart attack and a cardiac arrest are two different conditions.

Valvular heart disease is another medical condition linked to sudden cardiac arrest. The heart’s valves either leak or become narrow. This causes the heart muscles to stretch or thicken, increasing the risk for arrhythmia and cardiac arrest.

An enlarged heart has also been cited as one of the causes of cardiac arrest. This condition is caused due to the stretching, enlarging or thickening of the muscular walls.

Besides the heart conditions mentioned above, many other factors can lead to cardiac arrest. However, most of these risk factors are due to an unhealthy lifestyle, diet, and habits. These risk factors are:

  • Smoking is not good for the body and is one of the causes of cardiac arrest.
  • High blood pressure and cholesterol.
  • Diabetes mellitus also appears as a probable reason for cardiac arrest.
  • A sedentary lifestyle is a cause of many heart-related conditions, including cardiac arrest.
  • Obesity or overweight people are more prone to this disease.
  • Coronary artery diseases run in the family
  • Drug use
  • Electrical problems like long QT Syndrome and Wolff-Parkinson’s-White Syndrome
  • Certain heart medications

Being aware of the reasons for a cardiac arrest will enable you to take measures that may prevent the disease from occurring.

Preventing cardiac arrest

A cardiac arrest can strike anyone and any time, especially those who already have heart conditions. However, you can reduce the chances of a cardiac arrest by following up with your doctor regularly, leading a healthy lifestyle, having nutritious meals, and getting rid of habits detrimental to your health. Some ways of preventing or lessening the risk of cardiac arrest include:

  • People with heart diseases should regularly follow up with their doctors and get their hearts checked. Even healthy people can get their heart screened to prevent the emergence of complications. 
  • If you are a smoker, it would be helpful to immediately give up this habit. If not possible, seek help from your doctor or a support group.
  • Overweight people need to lose weight.
  • To keep your heart in good shape, do some exercises regularly. Talk to your doctor about the exercises that are good for you.
  • Diabetic people should manage their condition.

Final thoughts

Do not take the symptoms of cardiac arrest lightly. After giving CPR, bring the patient to any Max Healthcare hospital for treatment. Doctors at Max Healthcare are highly qualified, and experienced and many of them have international exposure. In addition, the hospital chain has one of the best medical infrastructures in the country and uses state-of-the-art technologies in the treatment of heart-related diseases. So for cardiac arrest symptoms or any other heart-related disease, see a doctor at Max Healthcare.

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